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     Key Survey Findings on Education Services 2004

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Explanatory Note


The data presented in this report were compiled from the results of the Community, Social & Personal Services Survey 2004 and Non-Profit Organisations Survey 2004. The objective of the surveys is to gather information on Singapore¨s education services to enable in-depth analyses and understanding of the performance, structure and profile of this industry. The data and analytical findings are used extensively for the compilation of national accounts, input-output tables and other related studies. In addition, the results are used by policy makers, economic planners and academicians, business community and researchers in their work.


Scope & Coverage

The education services industry comprises general education, technical & commercial education, higher education, other schools & instruction and supporting services to education. The detailed activities for each group are presented below:

General Education

Nurseries and kindergartens

Primary and secondary schools

Junior colleges and pre-university centres

Foreign system schools

Schools for the handicapped and educationally sub-normal

Technical & Commercial Education

Technical and vocational training and education services

Commercial schools

Information technology education and training institutions

Specialised trade schools

Technical, vocational and commercial education nec1

Higher Education



Teachers¨ training institutes

Other Schools and Instruction

Professional and management development training institutions

Music and dancing schools

Language schools

Driving schools

Dressmaking and embroidery schools

Tuition schools

Other education nec

Supporting Services to Education

Agencies of foreign educational institutions

Distance learning infrastructure providers

Supporting services to education nec


1 Not elsewhere classified

The data include all establishments and statutory boards engaged in education services but exclude government ministries and departments. Government schools under the full funding and control of the Ministry of Education are also excluded.


Definition of Terms

Establishment Defined as a business or organisation unit engaged in one activity and operating in a single location.
Employment Refers to paid employees, working directors, working proprietors/partners and unpaid family workers. It includes those temporarily away on medical or casual leave.
Employees Employment excluding working proprietors and partners.
Operating Receipts Includes those arising from services rendered, commission charges, sale of goods, rental of premises, machinery and equipment and head office remittance for current expenses.
Operating Expenditure Refers to all current expenses (except capital expenditure) connected to the business operations such as purchases of goods and services and remuneration. It includes depreciation and adjustment for changes in stocks.
Operating Surplus Refers to the amount of operating receipts less operating expenditure plus depreciation of fixed assets. For non-profit organizations (i.e. entities which cannot distribute any surplus made to their shareholders) which mainly rely on funds (such as grants and donations) other than receipts from sales of goods and services rendered to cover their operating expenditure, operating surplus refers only to depreciation of fixed assets.
Value Added (At Basic Price) Comprises the value of operating surplus, remuneration and indirect taxes. The impact of taxes including Goods & Services Tax (and subsidies) on products is removed.
Remuneration Comprises wages and salaries, employers¨ contribution to Central Provident Fund/pension funds and other benefits of all employees as well as fees paid to non-working directors.
Depreciation The value, at current replacement cost, of reproducible fixed assets such as buildings, plants and machinery used during a period of time as a result of normal wear and tear, foreseen obsolescence and the normal rate of accidental damage.

Source: Media Release 9 Jun 2006